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Abstract With the increase in production from shale oil and shale gas in North America during the last decade, many studies have been conducted in order to improve our knowledge from organic rich shale plays. Introduction After the commercial boom of unconventional reservoirs in North America during the past decade, exploration of unconventional shale reservoirs has increased significantly.

Samples and measurements Upper and lower members of the Bakken Formation are organic rich shales, and middle member is a mixture of carbonates and clastics. Well D cm-1 G cm-1 G-D cm-1 1 2 3 Well E GPa 1 2. Component Well 3 Well 5 Alginite 0. Results and discussion Systematic changes in band position, band separation, band full width at half maximum height for carbonaceous materials as a function of thermal maturity has been studied and well documented. Conclusion In this study, samples were taken from six wells in the Bakken Formation, Williston Basin.

Based on this study, following items can be concluded: Band separation of Raman major band signals can be used as maturity indicator. S1 from Rock-Eval was very well correlated with D band in Raman signal as an indicator of disorders in structure of organic matter molecule.

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S2 from Rock-Eval also were correlated with G band in Raman signal as indicator of aromaticity of organic matter molecule. Acknowledgment The authors wish to thank Dr. References Abarghani, A. International Journal of Coal Geology. Aghajanpour, A. Full waveform acoustic data as an aid in reducing uncertainty of mud window design in the absence of leak-off test.

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The effect of deformation on two-phase flow through proppant-packed fractured shale samples: A micro-scale experimental investigation. Advances in water resources , Behar, F.

Rock-Eval 6 technology: performances and developments. Beyssac, O. Raman spectra of carbonaceous material in metasediments: a new geothermometer. Journal of metamorphic Geology 20, On the characterization of disordered and heterogeneous carbonaceous materials by Raman spectroscopy. Cesare, B. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , Cheshire, S. Assessing thermal maturity beyond the reaches of vitrinite reflectance and Rock-Eval pyrolysis: A case study from the Silurian Qusaiba formation.

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Introduction to XRF Spectroscopy

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IR Infrared Spectroscopy Review - 15 Practice Problems - Signal, Shape, Intensity, Functional Groups

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Tensile mechanical behavior of kerogen and its potential implication to fracture opening in kerogen-rich shales KRS. Kelemen, S. Direct characterization of kerogen by X-ray and solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance methods. Maturity trends in Raman spectra from kerogen and coal. Keown, D.

Journal Highlight: Raman spectroscopy for the analysis of coal: a review

Khatibi, S. Evaluating Single-Parameter parabolic failure criterion in wellbore stability analysis. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering 50, Raman spectroscopy to study thermal maturity and elastic modulus of kerogen. Kivi, I.

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Chemoporoelastic characterization of Ghom shale. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering , An intelligent approach to brittleness index estimation in gas shale reservoirs: A case study from a western Iranian basin.


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Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering 44, Kumar, V. Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Characterization of coal tattoos by Raman spectroscopy.

Lahfid, A. Terra Nova 22, Li, C. Society of Exploration Geophysicists, pp. Liu, K. Microstructural and geomechanical analysis of Bakken shale at nanoscale. Journal of Petroleum science and Engineering , Applications of nano-indentation methods to estimate nanoscale mechanical properties of shale reservoir rocks. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering 35, Raman spectroscopy of dispersed vitrinite—Methodical aspects and correlation with reflectance. Marshall, C. Understanding the application of Raman spectroscopy to the detection of traces of life.

Astrobiology 10, Mighani, S. Nanoindentation creep measurements on shale. Mumm, A. Microscale organic maturity determination of graptolites using Raman spectroscopy. Oberlin, A. Electron microscopic study of kerogen microtexture. Selected criteria for determining the evolution path and evolution stage of kerogen. Kerogen: Insoluble organic matter from sedimentary rocks: Paris, Editions Technip, Peters, K. Guidelines for evaluating petroleum source rock using programmed pyrolysis. AAPG bulletin 70, Quirico, E. Maturation grade of coals as revealed by Raman spectroscopy: Progress and problems.

Reich, S. Raman spectroscopy of graphite. Rouzaud, J. Structure, microtexture, and optical properties of anthracene and saccharose-based carbons. Carbon 27, Photoluminescence Microspectrometers Photoluminescence Microspectrometer : an instrument designed to measure the fluorescence, photoluminescence, and emission spectra of microscopic samples with excitation in the UV, visible and NIR regions. The following links have more information: What is a Microspectrofluorometer? Raman Microspectrometers Raman Microspectrometer : an instrument designed to measure the Raman spectra of microscopic samples.

Featuring alignment mechanisms and capable of working with UV, visible and NIR lasers, the option has applications in many fields. Designed for use with CRAIC Technologies microscopes and microspectrometers, they are housed in both rotating and fixed holders. What is a Spectrophotometer?

What is a Microspectrophotometer? What is a Raman microspectrometer?